• From clouds to carbon:
    land-atmosphere interactions
    in the spotlight


    Understanding the interface between the land and the atmosphere has been an important component of IGBP’s research. Here we highlight three recent contributions that resulted from research sponsored by the Integrated Land Ecosystem–Atmosphere Processes Study (iLEAPS).

  • Coastal megacities:
    risks and opportunities


    Every year, more and more people are flocking to live near the sea’s edge, often congregating in massive cities. Sophie Blackburn and Mark Pelling explore what happens when urban and coastal zones collide.

photo: Corel Draw
Published: January 23, 2013

Stockholm Seminar: 2000-year climate records

Thorsten Kiefer from IGBP's core project Past Global Changes (PAGES) discusses the 2000-year climate records across continents.
More information
Global temperatures have increased over the last decades. Instrumental temperature measurements leave no room for doubt, but go back just a century and half. Long-term records are essential if we are to understand climate variability and to isolate the effects of natural and human drivers.

A global network of scientists have reconstructed and analyzed the climate of the last two millennia at a regional scale. A first set of temperature reconstructions based on more than 500 sites worldwide reveals substantial variability through time, but also between regions.

Accordingly, the data showed no globally synchronous warm or cold intervals that would define a worldwide Medieval Climate Anomaly or Little Ice Age. On the other hand, robust features include a millennial-scale cooling trend across almost all regions, reversed by the warming measured over the last few decades.

The seminar discussed in detail the regional temperature histories and their implications, and demonstrate the virtues of concerted data syntheses by international communities.

About Thorsten Kiefer
Thorsten Kiefer is the Executive Director of IGBP's Past Global Changes project (PAGES), located at the University of Berne in Switzerland. The scope of PAGES covers science that uses pre-instrumental evidence to investigate environmental and climatic changes, natural and anthropogenic, over the past hundreds to millions of years.

Thorsten Kiefer's roots as a researcher were at the Universities of Kiel, Germany, and Cambridge, UK, where he analyzed deep-sea sediments for information on past changes in ocean circulation and hydrology. Kiefer is also currently serving as the co-chief-editor of Climate of the Past, an open-access and open-review journal of the European Geosciences Union.

Share this page
Tell a friend (opens in new window)
Follow us
IGBP Climate Change Index IGBP Climate Change Index IGBP Climate Change Index IGBP Climate Change Index IGBP Climate Change Index IGBP Climate Change Index IGBP Climate Change Index IGBP Climate Change Index IGBP Climate Change Index
RECOMMENDED